Much before independence i.e., as earlier as 1918, Mahatma Gandhiji the father of the nation, visualized the need of a link language between the northern and southern states of the country in the interest of unity and integrity of the nation. He thought Hindi spoken by the biggest section of the people then could be the link language. He founded Dakshin Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha in Madras with the noble purpose of propagating Hindi in the southern states of the country in the year 1918. He was the life time president of this Institution.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sri. Lal Bahadur Shastri, Smt. Indira Gandhi, Sri Rajiv Gandhi and Shri. P.V. Narasingh Rao, Shri. Vektaraman and Justice Rang Nath Mishra were the past presidents. At present Shri. M.V. Rajashekharan is the President.

Hindi Language became the Official language from the date of commencement of the Constitution of India. Propagation of Hindi in the Southern States was a dire necessity as contemplated in the Articles 343 to 351 of the constitution.

Keeping the above, aims and objects and the situation in view and also the noble work done by Dakshin Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha from the year 1918, the Govt. of India declared the Institution as an Institution of National Importance by Central Act
  14 of 1964.
Dr. K.L. Shrimali the then Minister for Education of the Union Govt. while introducing the Bill in Rajya Sabha, on 13-8-1963 appended the statement of objects & reasons as under.

“DAKSHIN BHARAT HINDI PRACHAR SABHA which is a society registered under the societies Registration Act 1860 was established in the year 1918 under the inspiring guidance and Presidentship of Mahatma Gandhi, for spreading the Hindi language among the non-Hindi speaking people of South India . During the 45 years of its existence the Sabha has been vigorously working for the spread of the Hindi Language. With the good will, support and co-operation of the public of the South, it has been making rapid progress, throughout South India comprising the Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam and Kannada speaking regions.”

The following discussion took place in the Parliament while making the above Act.
Further the Hon’ble Minister of State for Education Dr. Shrimaliji told the Rajya Sabha.

“With declaration of the Institution as an Institution of national Importance, those degrees and diplomas will get the same status as those of any other university… and they get recognition all over India . I can assure the House that whatever money is needed will be given and in fact this Institution will have greater claim on the funds of the Government of India, after it becomes an institution of national Importance”.


The Hon’ble Dy. Minister for Education, Sri. Bhaktadarshan told the Lok Sabha;

“One more criticism by some Hon’ble members was why this Institution was not being declared a University. I may submit, that this purpose will be more than achieved after the passage of the bill… I may also assure the Hon’ble members that the Sabha will actually be more than a University, because besides teaching and conducting Examinations it will carry on other activities also for the propagation of Hindi. If it is made a University then its other activities will come to stand still and that will defeat the very purpose for which the Sabha was formed. It is from this point of view that the Sabha is being declared an Institution of National Importance under entry No.63, of the Union list of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution and not under any provisions of University Grants Commission Act.”

The Hon’ble Minister for Education Sri. M.C. Chagalaji told the Parliament-


“It is like other Universities and those Institutions which are declared to be Institutions of National Importance. Under Section No.3, the money to the extent that is necessary will be advanced by the Education Ministry.”


Even though the Constitution of India and the cause of the Nation need to give top priority for the spread of the official language, it is regretted that this noble cause is over-shadowed by the regional feelings and narrow outlooks. The language is the foremost consideration for the unity and integrity of the country.


English shall have to be replaced by Hindi in Education and all walks of life, if identity of the country is to be kept.

It shall be the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the official language Hindi as contemplated in the Constitution of India. As explained earlier the Dakshin Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha is promoting the spread of the official language Hindi for the last eight decades in South India , which is in consistence with the aims and objects of the constitution. In addition to the propagation of Hindi, it is imparting higher education through Hindi medium in the faculties of Arts, Education, Journalism, Library Science & Computer Science.
While Hindi was taught to non-Hindi area students, Hindi teachers or Pracharaks experienced difficulties in teaching of Hindi. So the Sabha felt that such Pracharaks and Hindi teachers must be trained and methodology of teaching should be taught. With this aim Sabha established its first Pracharak Vidyalay in Madras in 1922. The D.B.H.P. Sabha is engaged in training teachers to teach Hindi, for the last Eighty four years.